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Electronic and paper reprints of the articles listed below are available at no cost upon request to

Articles Explaining SHIRA

  • Wheaton, J.M., Pasternack,G.B., and Merz, J.E. 2004 Spawning habitat rehabilitation – I. Conceptual Approach & Methods. International Journal of River Basin Management 2:1:3-20.
  • Wheaton, J. M., Pasternack, G. B., and Merz, J. E. 2004. Spawning Habitat Rehabilitation – II. Using hypothesis development and testing in design, Mokelumne River, California, U.S.A. International Journal of River Basin Management 2:1:21-37.
  • Elkins, E. E., Pasternack, G. B., and Merz, J. E. 2007. The Use of Slope Creation for Rehabilitating Incised, Regulated, Gravel-Bed Rivers. Water Resources Research 43, W05432, doi:10.1029/2006WR005159.
  • Pasternack, G. B. 2008. Spawning habitat rehabilitation: advances in analysis tools. In (D.A. Sear, P. DeVries, S. Greig, Eds) Salmonid spawning habitat in rivers: physical controls, biological responses, and approaches to remediation. Symposium 65, American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.
  • Sawyer, A. M., Pasternack, G. B., Merz, J. E., Escobar, M., Senter, A. E. 2009. Construction constraints on geomorphic-unit rehabilitation on regulated gravel-bed rivers. River Research and Applications 25:416-437.
  • Manwaring, M., Cepello, S., Kennedy, S., Pasternack, G.B. 2009. Spawning Riffle Gravel Supplementation for Anadromous Spring-Run Chinook Salmon and Steelhead. Waterpower XVI, July 27-30, Spokane. p. 1-18.
  • Pasternack, G.B. and Brown, R.A. 2013. Ecohydraulic design of riffle-pool relief and morphological-unit geometry in support of regulated gravel-bed river rehabilitation. (Maddock, I., Harby, A., Kemp, P., Wood, P., Eds.), Ecohydraulics: an integrated approach. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Chichester, UK, p. 337-355.

Articles Evaluating 2D Modeling

  • Pasternack, G. B., Wang, C. L., and Merz, J. 2004. Application of a 2D hydrodynamic model to reach-scale spawning gravel replenishment on the lower Mokelumne River, California. River Research and Applications 20:2:205-225.
  • Pasternack, G. B., Gilbert, A. T., Wheaton, J. M., Buckland, E. M. 2006. Error Propagation for Velocity and Shear Stress Prediction Using 2D Models For Environmental Management. Journal of Hydrology 76:1-2:207-228.
  • Brown, R. A. and Pasternack, G. B. 2009. Comparison of Methods for Analyzing Salmon Habitat Rehabilitation Designs For Regulated Rivers. River Research and Applications 25:745-772.
  • Abu-Aly, T. R., Pasternack, G.B., Wyrick, J. R., Barker, R., Massa, D., Johnson, T. 2013. Effects of LiDAR-derived, spatially-distributed vegetative roughness on 2D hydraulics in a gravel-cobble river at flows of 0.2 to 20 times bankfull. Geomorphology, doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2013.10.017.
  • Barker, J. Pasternack, G. B., Bratovish, P., Duane, M., Wyrick, J. R., Johnson, T. 2018. Kayak drifter surface velocity observation for 2D hydraulic model validation. River Research and Applications. DOI: 10.1002/rra.3238.

Articles Assessing Ecological Outcomes

  • Merz, J.E., and Setka, J.D. 2004. Evaluation of a Spawning Habitat Enhancement Site for Chinook Salmon in a Regulated California River. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 24:397–407.
  • Wheaton, J. M., Pasternack, G. B., and Merz, J. E. 2004. Use of habitat heterogeneity in salmonid spawning habitat rehabilitation design. in Fifth International Symposium on Ecohydraulics: Aquatic Habitats: Analysis and Restoration, IAHR-AIRH: Madrid, Spain. p. 791-796.
  • Merz, J. E., Setka, J., Pasternack, G. B., Wheaton, J. M. 2004. Predicting benefits of spawning habitat rehabilitation to salmonid fry production in a regulated California river. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 61:1433-1446.
  • Merz, J.E., L.K. Ochikubo Chan. 2005. Effects of gravel augmentation on macroinvertebrate assemblages in a regulated California river. River Research and Applications 21, pp. 61-74.
  • Moir, H. J. and Pasternack, G. B. 2008. Relationships between mesoscale morphological units, stream hydraulics and Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) spawning habitat on the Lower Yuba River, California. Geomorphology 100:527-548
  • Moir, H. J. and Pasternack, G. B. 2010. Substrate requirements of spawning Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) are dependent on local channel hydraulics. River Research and Applications 26:456-468. doi: 10.1002/rra.1292.
  • Wheaton, J. M., Brasington, J., Darby, S., Merz, J. E., Pasternack, G. B., Sear, D. A., Vericat, D. 2009. Linking morphological sediment budgeting to salmonid ecohydraulics. River Research and Applications, doi: 10.1002/rra.1305.
  • Senter, A. E. and Pasternack, G. B. 2010. Large wood aids spawning Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in marginal habitat on a regulated river in California. River Research and Applications, DOI: 10.1002/rra.1388.
  • Escobar-Arias, M. I. and Pasternack, G. B. 2011. Differences in River Ecological Functions Due to Rapid Channel Alteration Processes in Two California Rivers Using the Functional Flows Model, Part 2- Model Applications. River Research and Applications 27:1-22, doi: 10.1002/rra.1335.

Articles Assessing Hydrogeomorphic Dynamics

  • MacWilliams, M. L., Wheaton, J. M., Pasternack, G. B., Kitanidis, P. K., Street, R. L. 2006. The Flow Convergence-Routing Hypothesis for Pool-Riffle Maintenance in Alluvial Rivers. Water Resources Research 42, W10427, doi:10.1029/2005WR004391.
  • Merz, J. E., Pasternack, G. B., Wheaton, J. M. 2006. Sediment Budget for Salmonid Spawning Habitat Rehabilitation in the Mokelumne River. Geomorphology 76:1-2:207-228.
  • Brown, R. A. and Pasternack, G. B. 2008. Engineered Channel Controls Limiting Spawning Habitat Rehabilitation Success on Regulated Gravel-bed Rivers. Geomorphology 97:631-654.
  • Pasternack, G.B., Bounrisavong, M.K., and Parikh, K.K. 2008. Backwater control on riffle-pool hydraulics, fish habitat quality, and sediment transport regime in gravel-bed rivers. Journal of Hydrology 357:1-2:125-139.
  • Wheaton, J. M., Brasington, J., Darby, S., Merz, J. E., Pasternack, G. B., Sear, D. A., Vericat, D. 2010. Linking geomorphic changes to salmonid habitat at a scale relevant to fish. River Research and Applications 26:469-486.
  • Sawyer, A. M., Pasternack, G. B., Moir, H. J., Fulton, A. A. 2010. Riffle-Pool Maintenance and Flow Convergence Routing Confirmed on a Large Gravel Bed River. Geomorphology 114:143-160.
  • White, J. Q., Pasternack, G. B., and Moir, H. J. 2010. Valley width variation influences riffle-pool location and persistence on a rapidly incising gravel-bed river. Geomorphology 121:206-221, 10.1016/j.geomorph.2010.04.012.
  • Brown, R. A., Pasternack, G. B. 2014. Hydrologic and topographic variability modulate channel change in mountain rivers. Journal of Hydrology 510: 551-564.